Ammonium carbonate react with sodium hydroxide


When a solution of sodium hydroxide is added khổng lồ a solution of ammonium carbonate, eqdisplaystyle m H_2O/eq is formed and ammonia gas, eqdisplaystyle m NH_3/eq, is released when the solution is heated. Write a net ionic equation for this reaction. Both eqdisplaystyle m NaOH/eq và eqdisplaystyle m (NH_4)_2CO_3/eq exist as dissociated ions in an aqueous solution.

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Net Ionic Equations:

Different types of chemical equations can be used lớn represent a reaction that occurs in an aqueous solution. An example of a chemical equation used is a net ionic equation. Net ionic equations are written by only including the ions that are involved the formation of a product.

The unbalanced molecular equation for the reaction is obtained by writing the given reactants and products.

eq m NaOH(aq) + (NH_4)_2CO_3(aq) o H_2O(l) + NH_3(g) + Na_2CO_3(aq)/eq

The chemical equation is balanced by placing a coefficient of 2 on every substance except ammonium carbonate & sodium carbonate.

eq m 2NaOH(aq) + (NH_4)_2CO_3(aq) o 2H_2O(l) + 2NH_3(g) + Na_2CO_3(aq)/eq

The next step is khổng lồ write the complete ionic equation by separating the strong electrolytes into their ions.

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eq m 2Na^+(aq) + 2OH^-(aq) + 2NH_4^+(aq) + CO_3^2-(aq) o 2H_2O(l) + 2NH_3(g) + 2Na^+(aq) + CO_3^2-(aq)/eq

The spectator ions in the solution are the carbonate & sodium ions. The net ionic equation is established by removing the spectator ions.

eq m oxed mathbf net ionic equation: OH^-(aq) + NH_4^+(aq) o H_2O(l) + NH_3(g) /eq

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Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates và Net Ionic Equations


Chapter 10/ Lesson 9
127K precipitate reactions. Determine precipitate solubility according lớn solubility rules. Learn to lớn write ionic equations by following a molecular reaction.

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When a solution of sodium hydroxide is added to lớn a solution of ammonium carbonate, H_2O is formed...